Regional Strategic Point Paper
SUBJECT: Assessment of the Caucasus Region
1. ISSUE. Provide the USEUCOM Commander an overview of Azerbaijan’s approach to the situation in the Caucasus Region. 2. FACTS. a. Primary National Interest: Republic of Azerbaijan works to ensure sustained economic growth by protecting and exploiting proven oil reserves from deepwater Caspian Basin oilfields and its transport to growing western markets via the Baku-Tblilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) oil and associated South Caucasus (SCP) gas pipeline. Azerbaijan leverages this energy development to build strategic partnerships & ensure international attention for its independence, and attempt to influence attitudes toward the Nagorno-Karabakh (NK) conflict.
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d. Top three U.S. programs in Azerbaijan, at least one of which is not a DoD program: (1) Cooperative Threat Reduction Program; FY 92 – FY 05: 21.98 million. A DoD proliferation prevention project that enhances the capability of non-Russian states & other partner countries to prevent, deter, detect, report & interdict illicit trafficking of WMD & related materials across state borders to terrorists, rogue states, or organized crime groups. (2) Foreign Military Financing (FMF); FY 92 – FY 05: 19.42 million. FMF provides grants for the acquisition of U.S. defense equipment, services, and training. It’s intended to promote U.S. national security by contributing to regional and global stability, strengthening military support for democratically-elected governments and containing transnational threats, including terrorism and trafficking in narcotics, weapons, and persons. (3) Export Control & Border Security (EXBS); FY 92 – FY 05: 17.66 million. EXBS assistance program helps member countries improve their export control systems. EXBS is led and funded by the DoS Bureau of Nonproliferation, Office of Export Control Cooperation; draws on expertise from the Departments of State, Homeland Security, Commerce, Energy, Defense, and the private