Regarding the Cosmological Argument Essay

1576 Words Nov 13th, 2013 7 Pages
Regarding the Cosmological Argument
The goal of the cosmological argument is to support the claim that God exists as the first cause of the universe. According to Nagel, the argument runs as following:
(P1) Every event must have a cause.
(P2) If every event must have a cause, event A must have a cause B, which in turn must have a cause C, and so on.
(P3) There is no end to this backward progression of causes.
(C1) This backward progression of causes will be an infinite series of event.
(P4) An infinite series of events is unintelligible and absurd.
(P5) The existence of the universe does not result from an unintelligible and absurd process.
(P6) The existence of the universe does not result from an infinite series of events.
(C2)
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In other words, if it is possible that God does not require any cause other than itself to exist, then it is also possible that universe does not require any cause other than itself to exist. It is unclear to Nagel why there must be a God to bring the universe into existence and to act as an initiator of all events in the universe.
I will now explain my view on Nagel’s objection to the cosmological argument. Before I point out the weakness of the first part of Nagel’s objection, I believe that he has provided a valid argument. Briefly put, Nagel’s argument proceeds as follows:
(P1) Every event must have a cause.
(P2) God’s existence is an event.
(C) God’s existence must have a cause.
If both premises are true, it follows that God’s existence must have a cause. It is irrational for the cosmological arguer to demand a cause for every event and abandon this principle when it comes to God’s existence. Nevertheless, Nagel’s argument is only sound if all of its premises are true. I will now examine each of his premises. Since both the cosmological arguer and Nagel granted that P1 is true, I will also grant it true for the sake of argument. Nagel’s next premise states that “God’s existence is an event.” Events are occurrences and happenings that have a beginning and unfold over time. One response that objects Nagel’s argument is that God has always existed. In

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