Reforms By Gaius Marius: The Decline Of The Late Roman Republic

Better Essays
The reforms by Gaius Marius, was originally intended to give power to the Republic by upgrading Rome’s military, but it backfired causing substantial political impact which caused long term problems all leading up to the decline of the late Roman Republic. There was a major recruitment problem which came from public land being bought off by powerful groups from the senate around 180 BC to 170 BC. They used this land to produce cash crops from farm slaves. Being a part of the military was more of a privilege than anything. Only certain people could enlist and battle arms was not provided, but land rewards made people have a will to fight anyway. These are just the few out of many problems Marius had to face during his reforms.
Gaius Marius’ reforms of the military created many more problems for the entire Roman Republic than other attacking rivals ever did. They were originally intended to give power to the Republic by upgrading Rome’s military, but it backfired causing substantial political impact which caused long term problems all leading up to the decline of the late Roman Republic. The decline,
…show more content…
There was a major recruitment problem which came from public land being bought off by powerful groups from the senate around 180 BC to 170 BC. They used this land to produce cash crops from farm slaves. Being a part of the military was more of a privilege than anything. Only certain people could enlist and battle arms was not provided, but land rewards made people have a will to fight anyway. Marius died in 86 BC, he still yet scrambled for power. His reforms had saved Rome from many foreign invaders, but not himself. He was an innovative general who forged the tool which made civil war a reality for the next 500

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Pompey’s conquests sparking Caesar’s alliance with Crassus and eventual military takeover was the cause for a thinned troop force. With growing opposition surrounding them, generals thought that they could keep Rome a military superpower, but they forgot about the problems within the Roman Republic. No longer was the primary focus of a growing republic agricultural development and commerce, but now is military superiority. Revolts could not change the minds of these power hungry generals who even began reducing upper class pay to fill the void of money they had from ambitious militant campaigns. The resulting uprisings did nothing but hurt the unity of the republic even further.…

    • 1001 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Both empires raised taxes to support their growing armies. As these taxes increased, the peasant population became unable to pay them. Since rich landowners in both of the empires were not required to pay taxes, many peasants fled to these landlords for protection. In Rome, this affected trade by making the tax on several products rise, creating inflation within the empire. According to document 1, China had to make changes in order to maintain the growing empire.…

    • 1745 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Why Rome Fell Essay

    • 1110 Words
    • 4 Pages

    An economic downfall is most likely the reason why the roman empire fell because without money to fund its captured city garrisons the Romans couldn 't hold their lands, and since they couldn 't hold their lands, the people revolted against them. With that Rome would have to hire mercenaries to keep the peace, which would be a further drain on the money Rome had. Some might say it was due to the Barracks emperors, but at that point the dominoes were already falling. Others might say it was due to the adoption of Christianity, but that only affected parts of the Roman empire.. All in all everything in this world revolves around money, if you don 't have it, there is no way you can…

    • 1110 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Roman Government Essay

    • 1030 Words
    • 4 Pages

    When they come back their farmland was ruined and this put them under economic problems(lecture note Williamson-expansion and crisis of Rome). A number of farmers sold their land to rich people, which mean they can’t give service in the army because they didn’t have land. This became not just an economic problem, it questioned the effectiveness of Roman power because the number of army personnel was declining. The government stepped up to solve this particular problem. They passed a new rule to help out the soldiers as well as to recover Rome’s power that was declining.…

    • 1030 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Decline Of Roman Empire

    • 1192 Words
    • 5 Pages

    For Centuries this worked and exceptional leaders took power but eventually this dictatorship ran government became very corrupt because people who weren’t suited to run an Empire such as Rome’s could come to power by being offspring of a powerful ruler. If someone were wealthy they could hire mercenaries and take over the throne which didn’t lead to satisfactory Roman leaders. The Roman Empire became very poorly operated towards the end of the unified reign. Although the Roman Empire had many excellent emperors, they would eventually come across a ruler who was very weak but he was able to come to power because he was apart of the family chain. This could also allow rulers that adored warfare and this could result in Roman people constantly being in battle.…

    • 1192 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    not having enough land to accommodate the growing population, which required they expand their territory. Early Roman expansion proved to be remarkably successful, but it did have a negative impact on the politics and economy of the late Roman Republic. When the Roman Republic surfaced in 509 BC after the abolishment of the monarchy, a new system of government had to take over. The…

    • 788 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This not only kept the poor contempt for the time being, but was also a good way to win votes in the political elections. The collapse of the Roman Empire was partially due to their lack of order. Rome’s citizens were encouraged to live an extravagant lifestyle. As the empire grew it became overstretched and could not be controlled by one central government. Civil arguments erupted and the political battles to control the empire began.…

    • 722 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    They had spent all of their money on the trades that was going on during the civil war the U.S. has no idea what to do next they need to figure it out. There has to be something that they can do to solve this problem and not have to worry about the situation. They could build stock markets maybe this could help them with the situation that they have and not have to worry about the problems they have. Although if they build the markets will the enemy return and fight for the markets the United States and Europe had more wars happen than the other places did such as North America,South America,Africa,and…

    • 1232 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Because they had been at the top for so long they forgot their fight for glory, especially because a lot of their power was based in a strong military. This signaled for the end of the remarkable power that the Roman empire had because it lost its roots: the ambition to be the greatest. As stated in the source, this directly affected Rome’s success in fighting battles and they were bested by barbarians as a result. An easily exposed army was an invitation for more barbarians to come and exploit Rome, therefore putting pressure on its borders. Additionally, Romans could avoid being drafted into the army, so the empire had to pay for disloyal Germanic mercenaries to increase the size of its military.…

    • 1288 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Roman Empire Achievements

    • 1336 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Instead he cripples the financial and even political system in Rome. Caracalla created an era of civil war and the destruction of the principate. The civil war lasted over a half century catalyzing hyperinflation and economic hardship to its citizens. However, constantly changing Emperor still demanded the collection of taxes and harsh financial burdens on their citizens. Wealthy romans began to move to country side areas to avoid taxmen and to save the little they have left.…

    • 1336 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays