Reconstruction : After The Civil War Essay

998 Words Nov 26th, 2014 4 Pages
Reconstruction: After the Civil War

The victory for the Union in the Civil War in 1865 gave nearly 4 million slaves their freedom. The process of rebuilding the South during the Reconstruction period (1865-1877), however, brought on a new set of problematic challenges. Under the administration of President Andrew Johnson in 1865 and 1866, new southern state legislatures passed restrictive “black codes” to control the labor and behavior of former slaves and other African Americans (, 2014. People in the North became angry over these codes and the outrage ended up eroding support for the approach known as “Presidential Reconstruction”. It led to the triumph of a more radical side of the Republican Party. During “Radical Reconstruction”, which began in 1867, blacks finally were given a voice in government for the first time in American history. They were able to secure a win to southern state legislatures and also to the U.S. Congress. The Ku Klux Klan, less than a decade later, would try and reverse the changes that Radical Reconstruction brought on. It brought white supremacy back to the south in an often violent way. President Abraham Lincoln did not make abolition of slavery a goal of the Union war effort, which angered many radical abolitionists. He was afraid if he did it would then drive the border slave states that, at the time were still loyal to the Union, into the Confederacy and anger the more conservative northerners. During the summer of 1862, the…

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