Reason For Growth In Urbanisation

1173 Words 5 Pages
Soaring Skylines
Analyse aspects of a geographic topic at a global scale – 91432
Urbanisation is the increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas compared to rural areas. An urban area is a built up area such as a town or city. A rural area is an area of countryside. As a country industrialises, the number of people living in urban areas tends to increase. MEDC’s were the first countries to urbanise. LEDC’s currently have lower rates of urbanisation, but they are urbanising rapidly. Megacities (cities with over 10million people) are almost always in LEDC’s. The main reason for rural to urban migration is because of the ‘push’ factors, these factors are population pressures and lack of resources in rural areas. Another reason
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Lee’s model of migration shows these push and pull factors. The ‘+’ means the positive things in both locations and the ‘-’ means the negative things in both areas. The line that is labelled intervening obstacles represents all of the things that may stop migrants on their journeys, this include things such as much, transport, housing and immigration laws, the different heights show that the difficulties or obstacles can range in from big ones to small easier ones that can be overcome easily. The circles represent things that are neutral factors. These things are all shown in figure one below. Another reason for growth in urbanisation is by natural increase by death and birth rates, decreases in death rates while birth rates remain high. Urbanisation has occurred in certain places because of resources that are available. Urbanisation started to happen after the industrial revolution, the industrial revolution happened in the 1800’s in the UK and other European countries. Accessibility was important because towns grew near ports, raw materials and transport links; this led to urbanisation because there was less work on the land due to agrarian technology, more work in factories …show more content…
A world city is a city that is considered of great importance to the global economic system. Urbanisation has caused a lot of problems for the world on a global scale. These include, traffic problems, this is car ownership and commuting which mean there is an increase in congestion and populations. There is a decline in industry in the urban areas because the new industries tend to need more room so they located themselves to the edges of the city, the old industries have closed and left empty buildings in the inner city, this leads to high unemployment levels in the inner city because this is where the old industries use to be located and this leads to social problems. The global topic of urbanisation is spatial and temporal. The temporal pattern shows that over time MEDC’s are urbanising at a consistent slow rate whereas LEDC’s are urbanising more rapidly. MEDC’s were the first places to urbanise, this means that there are more LEDC’s left to be developed so they are urbanising at a faster rate. The LEDC’s are urbanising at a rate that is too quick for it to develop in a way that is sustainable, this leads to over population. There is a spatial pattern in the continent of Asia with the yellow dots (top ten populated cities in 2010); this pattern is also a peripheral pattern because a lot of the most populated cities are along coastal

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