Cognitive Therapy Model: A Case Study

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1. Introduction

“At the very heart of the CT (Cognitive Therapy) model is the view that the human mind is not a passive receptacle of the environmental and biological influences and sensations, but rather that the individuals are actively involved in constructing their reality” (Neenan& Dryden, 2004, p3). CT had developed from two specific directions which originated from the dissatisfaction from both psychotherapy and a behavioural approach (Gelder, 1983). This seminar will be broken into 2 sections. Section one will describe the theory of CT, what is CT and whom it has derived from.

The next section of the seminar is the core principles that are involved in CT that are automatic thoughts, the individual’s schemas and the cognitive triad.
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Emotional reasoning, simply put, is when an individual believes that something is the truth because they feel it is and there is evidence that seems to contradict that thought (Murdock, 2013).

4. Goals for Cognitive Therapy

There are various goals for cognitive therapy. Firstly, the main goal is to assist individuals in recognising and correcting the errors that they may have in their information processing (Seligman& Reichenberg, 2014). The other goals of Cognitive Therapy is to modify the beliefs, this is a good goal as it also focuses on the Automatic Thoughts (Murdock, 2013).

5. Therapeutic Techniques

The techniques used in CT focuses on identifying and examining the beliefs of the client, and modifying them only if the client is unable to support these beliefs (Corey, 2009). There are various techniques that the counsellor may use, depending on the client and their case, these techniques are questioning, downward arrow, thought recording, behavioural experiments, activity scheduling graded tasks, social skills training, problem solving, imagery, role playing and other behaviourally orientated
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From the goals she had in the previous sessions, she decided to take a chance and go out to meet her friends for lunch, started making new friends at the mall and with her online lectures. Through the constant writing in her diary, Denise was able to keep a record of her automatic thoughts and reread them in therapy. She said she knows that she started to impose her thoughts onto other people,

When setting an agenda, Denise said that she wanted to talk about going out and trying to date again as she thought she was ready, but she said that “nobody will ever want to be with me because I am a widow”. Through further probing, her feelings of sadness and anger arise and this is when the “turn off technique” is used and it is used so she is able to control the images that she may have. For the next session, Denise needs to continue with her daily diary as the sessions are about to be terminated too. She told the therapist that she wanted to started dating and would start by going on a date for coffee with a

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