`` Radical American Environmentalism `` By Ramachandra Guha Essay

1080 Words Apr 18th, 2016 5 Pages
Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey, Where wealth accumulates, and men decay. – Oliver Goldsmith. This quote illustrates the shift in focus toward wealth, rather than well-being of the people and its direct relationship with the demise of natural world. In his article titled “Radical American Environmentalism”, Ramachandra Guha debates the ideology behind the spread of “deep ecology” in third world countries by the first world. “Deep ecology is a movement or a body of concepts that considers humans no more important than other species and that advocates a corresponding radical readjustment of the relationships between humans and nature.” Guha does so by pitting the backdrop of a fundamentally dissimilar social and cultural history of third world countries such as India, with first world countries, namely the United States. First, Guha claims that the landscape of social and political goals of fundamental ecology in India are diverse than America. Second, Guha speaks against the establishment of deep ecology on a universal basis by its followers, since it possesses very serious social consequences in the third world. This essay will explore the sociocultural development of Guha’s standpoint on the impractical debate of the “anthropocentric-biocentric” distinction in deep ecology, the critique against the spread of western environmental organisations in the third world to preserve/restore wildlife, and the rejection of the notion of turning the wildlife into a…

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