Radiation Therapy And Stem Cell Research

1845 Words 7 Pages
That when the severity of the illness sunk into her. She shattered when she saw the stands of charcoal black hair that were woven into the hairbrush. Radiation therapy uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors (“American Cancer Association”). One of the women I met at the walkathon had radiation therapy. They go through a machine that kills the cancer cells using radiation. Radiation therapy doesn’t only kill cancerous cells through. The woman that I met at the walkathon said that radiation therapy can impact reproductive organs because they are very sensitive. Stem cell transplant is a procedure that restore blood-forming stem cells in people who have had theirs destroyed by high doses of cancer treatments, such …show more content…
This was a constant worry in my family. The first question my aunt asked the doctor was what the likelihood of her survival was. Breast cancer mortality rates have declined since the late 20th century, probably owing to the improvements in treatment and increased efforts at early detection (Greenhill). There are 178,700 new cases and 43,500 deaths for 1998 in women (Cohen). According to the ACS breasts cancer death rates fell about 1.6% annually between 1989 and 1995 and about 3.4% per years between 1995 and 1998 (Greenhill). Almost ninety-seven percent of women survive at least five years from the time of the diagnosis when cancer is confined to the breast (Majure 15). 1,600 new cases and 400 deaths estimated for 1998, in men (Cohen). From the walkathon, I took place in I noticed that there were so many survivors. The survival rate for cancer is 93 percent now and this was exhibited in the walkathon. I expected many of the participants to be families, not the actual patients. However, I was pleasantly surprised to see so many survivors. There were also a couple men in the walkathon. I always thought that breast cancer only affects women, but I learned that it also affects men, although not …show more content…
Stage I describes invasive breast cancer, cancer cells are breaking through to or invading normal surrounding breast tissue, stage one is divided into subcategories know as 1A and 1B. Stage 1A describes invasive breast cancer in which: the tumor measures up to two centimeters and cancer has not spread outside the breast, no lymph nodes are involved (“Stages of Breast Cancer”).Stage 1B describes invasive breast cancer in which; there is no tumor in the breast, instead, small groups of cancer cells- larger than 0.2 millimeters but not larger than two millimeters- are in the lymph nodes or there is a tumor in the breast that is larger than 2 cm, and there are smaller groups of cancer cells in the lymph nodes (“Stages of Breast Cancer”). Microscopic invasion is possible in stage 1 breast cancer. In microscopic invasion, the cancer cells have just started to invade the tissues outside the lining of the duct or lobule, but the invading cancer cells can’t measure more than 1

Related Documents