Radiation Protection Policy Analysis

1421 Words 6 Pages
Introduction

Radiation protection policy is distributed among several governmental Agencies in the United States. Each agency is tasked with controlling exposure to radiation and the safe use of radioactive materials and radiation generating devices. These agencies inform their policy with reports and recommendations from a number of organizations, including the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP). The NCRP is a longstanding organization that strives to provide guidance on all matters related to radiation protection. The organization is semi-governmental that was officially chartered by Congress in 1964 and independent from federal control. In this capacity; the NCRP has heavily influenced policy and practice
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The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has utilized NCRP recommendation in several key policy decisions. The in 2002 the NRC released changes to 10 CFR part 25 “Medical use of byproduct material” that incorporated portions of NCRP Report no. 116 as well as emergency planning, assessment of radiation exposure and training. NCRP reports were critical in the 2002 revision to skin dose, 1999 guidance on prenatal expose, 1996 guidance for risk for occupational exposure and 2010 guidance on measuring effective dose equivalents. (Kase, 2016)(Jones, 2005) The Environmental Protection Agency has utilized NCRP recommendation for the major policy decisions. The 1960 Federal Guidance for Occupational Exposure used ALRA, ‘as low reasonably achievable, ' principles in the NCRP “Review of the Current State of Radiation Protection Philosophy.” The 2013 draft guide, “Protective Action Guides and Planning Guidance for Radiological Incidents,” was based on NCRP reports 138 and 165 on radiological terrorist incidents. Additionally, Federal Guidance Report 9,” Radiation Protection Guidance for Diagnostic and Interventional X-Ray Procedures,” was updated in 2014 based on 40 years of NCRP reports. (Kase, 2016)(Jones, …show more content…
Talking about the ICRP was unproductive because the greatest difference between the organizations is the International scope of the ICRP.( Cousins, 2015) Both organizations exhibit this similarity regularly cross-referencing one another, with the ICRP being more likely to include a significant number of internationally published research. Looking into the changes between ICRP 60 and ICRP 113, the major changes are the addition section about medical exposures and environmental protection. Preexisting sections from ICRP 60 included minor modifications to values and calculations. (ICRP,2007)( Compagnone et all,

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