Racism In Latin America

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The New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, mainly focusing on the Americas. The term was introduced in the early 16th century after Europeans, led by Christopher Columbus, landed in what would later be called the Americas during the age of discovery. This discovery was so important due to the fact that it expanded the geographical horizon of classical geographers, who had thought the world only consisted of Africa, Europe, and Asia, better known as the Old World. It was known that Latin America’s native peoples and Africans occupied different locations in the Spanish and Portuguese colonial order, both in law and society as well as in the perceptions and attitudes of the colonizers. During the time of the Spanish and …show more content…
The concept of race was created as a classification of human beings with the purpose of giving power to white people and to legitimize the dominance of white people over any other colored person. Many historians of Latin America insist that racism was not present in 15th Iberia and that racial stratification was a product of American economic conditions. This can be proven false thanks to the definition of race described above. According to the article The Iberian Roots of American Racist Thought, written by James H. Sweet, racism that came to characterize American slavery was integrated in cultural and religious beliefs in Spain and Portugal by the 15th century. While these views do not directly contradict William’s statement from above, they attempt to show the evolution of racist thoughts of feudalism in Europe to capitalism in the …show more content…
Before this time slave trade was going on between that of the Muslims and Portuguese from the Iberian Peninsula to points in Africa. Finally by mid-century, much of the Nasrid territory was under Christian Control, as Spain and Portugal began taking control of the Iberian Peninsula. During this time, slavery and racism is still viewed upon the same whether it was white or black people, only difference being the Church became a major force, and Islam was converted to Christianity. At this time, Europeans realize they have full control of Iberia and are interested in exploring further more. This is what led to the discoveries of the New World, in great thanks to Christopher Columbus. The Portuguese explorer sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in search of a western route to Asia for King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella of Spain, perhaps leading to an easier way of trade between the two. On his journey he sailed straight to the Caribbean Islands southeast of North America. He was led to believe that he had found India therefore naming the area the Indies, and the people living there Indians. Little did he or his explorers know that they had discovered America, eventually known as the New

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