Essay about Racial Disparity in Sentencing

1926 Words Oct 22nd, 2011 8 Pages
Racial Disparity in Sentencing Racial disparity in sentencing in the criminal justice system is a problematic issue. Individuals often believe that racial disparity in sentencing does not exist; however, substantial proof in the criminal justice system proves otherwise. According to statistics of Marc Mauer, “unprecedented rise in the populations of prisons over the past three decades is a six fold increase, resulting in the incarceration of nearly two million Americans.” The breakdown of statistics is as follows: “One in every eight African-American male groups between 25-34 year old is a result of incarceration and 32% of African-American males born to society can expect to spend a term in a federal or state prison if the current …show more content…
Ineffective counsel is present throughout America and is an illustration when describing minorities originating from a smaller minority community of his or her racial minority. An example is the case of Johnny Lee Gates, a Black male on trial for accusations of rape and murder of a White female with a jury of White individuals, and the public defender fails to object to the selection process of the jury panel (Tabak, 1999, p. 6). Venue and jury selection is another problematic stage of racial disparity in sentencing. Location is everything phrase is often the painful truth for many suffering punishments because of the locations of a case within wrong communities or neighborhoods. Prosecutors often will choose venues for minorities in areas with more predominantly White jury results (Tabak, 1999, p. 6). The jury selection process is controversial and possess a problem in the selecting of a jury, especially involving cases of defendants of racial minorities because the process lacks the private questioning of jurors separately from other jurors. To illustrate the problems with racial disparity the two types of crimes, street crimes and white-collar crimes are compared to prove prosecutorial discretion exist in criminal justice sentencing. Cases’ regarding white-collar crime sentencing imposes

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