Racial And Ethnic Disparities Essay

1357 Words 6 Pages
Register to read the introduction… While obesity can be found in all races and ethnicities, some have higher rates than others. Dixon, Pena, and Taveras (2012) analyzed the trends of obesity throughout childhood. They determined that by the time a child is in preschool, there are already racial/ethnic disparities in obesity prevalence. Studies show that there are major differences between minorities for risk factors such as child’s diet, physical activity, and sleep duration that are associated with obesity. It is believed that these differences contribute to the high obesity rates in minority children. Inadequate nutrition is also linked to racial disparities involving preterm babies. A literature review was conducted by Dunlop, Kramer, Hogue, Menon, and Ramakrishan (2011) to determine if nutrient deficiencies contributed to the disparity in preterm birth (PTB) between African American and Caucasian women. The nutrients associated with PTB being analyzed included iron, folic acid, and vitamin D. It was determined that deficiencies of several nutrients associated with PTB were more of a problem for African Americans than Caucasians, most likely due to poor maternal …show more content…
This would be done through implementing health information technology (HIT). By using HIT to collect, store, and share health information, it would improve quality and efficiency in health care. HIT would collect race/ethnicity data, tailor it to specific improvement efforts, and help address delivery problems (Lopez, Green, Tan-McGrory, King, Betancourt, 2011). HIT needs to be able to take into account the needs of minorities at-risk, especially non-English speakers, people with low socioeconomic status, …show more content…
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Dunlop, A., Kramer, M., Hogue, C., Menon, R., & Ramakrishan, U. (2011).
Racial disparities in preterm birth: An overview of the potential role of nutrient deficiencies. Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 90(12), 1332-41.

Lopez, L., Green, A., Tan-McGrory, A., King, R., & Betancourt, J. (2011).
Bridging the digital divide in health care: The role of health information technology in addressing racial and ethnic disparities. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, 37(10), 437- 45.

National Poverty Center (2009). The colors of poverty: Why racial and ethnic disparities persist. (Policy brief 16). Retrieved from http://www.npc.umich.edu/publications/policy_briefs/brief16/PolicyBrief16.pdf

Richards, C., Kerker, B., Thorpe, L., Olson, C., Krauskopf, M., Silver, L., . . . Winawer, S. (2011).
Increased screening colonoscopy rates and reduced racial disparities in the New York citywide campaign: An urban model. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 106(11), 1880-6.

Shi, L., Lebrun, L., Zhu, J., & Tsai, J.

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