Pathophysiology Of HIV/AIDS

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RUA: HIV/AIDS HIV, which stands for, human immunodeficiency virus is a virus caused by the HIV infection. AIDS, which stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which is caused by HIV. HIV is a virus meanwhile AIDS is more a syndrome. HIV triggers AIDS and interferes with the bodies’ ability to fight various infections (Johnson, 2015). Epidemiology of the disease HIV/AIDS is now a global pandemic. As of 2012 approximately 35.2 million people are living in the world with HIV globally. Approximately 17.2 million of those people that are living with HIV are male and of that large population 16.8 million are women. The most shocking of this is the fact that 3.4 million are less than 15 years of age. The CDC is said to make estimation on the …show more content…
Spread within the intravenous drug paraphernalia and also by mother to infant transmission. This can potentially occur throughout the birth process or even breastfeeding. HIV is caused by septicity with HIV-1 or HIV-2, which are retroviruses. In the retroviral family and which are considered lent virus genus. The pathophysiology of HIV creates innumerable cellular immune insufficiencies that are categorized by the weakening of helper T lymphocytes (CD4+ cells). The loss of CD4+ cells results in the maturity of unscrupulous toxicities and neoplastic processes (Bennett, …show more content…
The tests that are taken in determining HIV test for various antibodies to the virus that the body creates in attempt to fight the virus. There are many diagnostic tests for determining HIV and those include; the ELISA test, Home Access Express Test, Viral Load Test and the Western Blot test. The ELISA test scrutinizes the enzymes that are popularly associated with immunosorbent assay, which typically are used in distinguishing the HIV infection. The Home Access Test is an in-home test that is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, which is sold in most pharmacies. The viral load test measures the amount of HIV in the blood in which is used to monitor treatment progress or detect early HIV infections. Lastly, the Western Blot test is a sensitive that is used to confirm a positive ELISA test

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