RUA: HIV/AIDS Case Study

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RUA: HIV/AIDS HIV, which stands for, human immunodeficiency virus is a virus caused by the HIV infection. AIDS, which stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which is caused by HIV. HIV is a virus meanwhile AIDS is more a syndrome. HIV triggers AIDS and interferes with the bodies’ ability to fight various infections (Johnson, 2015). Epidemiology of the disease HIV/AIDS is now a global pandemic. As of 2012 approximately 35.2 million people are living in the world with HIV globally. Approximately 17.2 million of those people that are living with HIV are male and of that large population 16.8 million are women. The most shocking of this is the fact that 3.4 million are less than 15 years of age. The CDC is said to make estimation on the peak occurrence that is constructed throughout the pre-1993 AIDS case characterization that occurred in 1995. Subsequently the incubation stage of the infections before the use of the active antiretroviral therapy there was roughly 10 years that the wide-ranging of HIV infections have peaked around the mid-1980s.
Etiology and risk factors HIV deteriorates an individual’s immune system by rescinding significant cells that fight certain diseases and infections. According to
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Spread within the intravenous drug paraphernalia and also by mother to infant transmission. This can potentially occur throughout the birth process or even breastfeeding. HIV is caused by septicity with HIV-1 or HIV-2, which are retroviruses. In the retroviral family and which are considered lent virus genus. The pathophysiology of HIV creates innumerable cellular immune insufficiencies that are categorized by the weakening of helper T lymphocytes (CD4+ cells). The loss of CD4+ cells results in the maturity of unscrupulous toxicities and neoplastic processes (Bennett,

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