R & D : An Organization 's Innovative And Competitive Advantage
Research and Development (R&D) can be considered a major component to an organization’s innovative and competitive advantage, regardless of the business sector the organization is in. R&D can range from large-scale productions in a fortune 500 companies, to small-scale efforts in a small non-profit organization or school. Regardless of scale, R&D generally requires monetary investments, human resources, and time. The goal of R&D is to develop solutions to problems and/or new solutions to further compete. In education, R&D can be used to development a more robust 21st century curriculum that involves the use of iPads or a 1-to-1 laptop imitative to engage students and improve learning outcomes. The next logical progression from R&D is implementation. Each year, United States (U.S.) companies and schools continue to spend millions of dollars on technology R&D and implementation, although there are persistent and troubling gaps between the value of the technology and effective use. (Barton & Kraus, 1985) Studying how the teachers, as the main user of educational technology (ET), impact implementation and future use of ET could be a viable solution to this problem.
Overall U.S. spending in 2017 is estimated to be 6.9 trillion dollars, with pension, healthcare and education accounting for more than 57% of the expenses. Education is the third highest expense in the U.S. with over 1 trillion dollars. Spending on K-12 education steadily accounts for…