Quit India Movement Case Study

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1937-1942 POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT
Introduction:-
We can not point out a specific day, event, year or an entire era in which the war for independence and freedom was started. The history of sub-continent is filled with these events in which sometimes Muslims took charge over Hindus or sometime Hindus were in a favorable spot but after the British rule, there were many variations, sometimes Hindus and Muslims joined hands with each other like in “Khilafat Movement” in order to get freedom from the British government and sometimes they seemed to fight with each other to prevail their cultural, social and religious values, but time to time it became more worse as well as important for both the communities. This led the idea of “Two Nation Theory”
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Day of Deliverance.
5. The Lahore Resolution.
6. The Cripp’s Mission.
7. The Quit India Movement.

1. Enforcement of Government of India Act 1935:-
Following the Simon Commission and Round Table Conference, the British Government passed the Government of India Act in 1935. This was the last major legislation by the British Government in respect of India prior to independence in 1947.
The Act was divided into parts which would take effect in stages by 1947.
• The main points of the Act were:-
 Provinces were given a proper legal standing, and decision-making power was given to elected representatives. This allowed a measure of provincial autonomy.
 The property qualification for voting was lowered, raising the numbers of voters to 35,000,000 people, including 5,000,000 women. This was five times the previous number, but still only one fourth of the adults could vote.
 The Government of India was to be federal, with two law-making houses of Parliament with representatives of both the provinces and the states.
 Ministers on the Viceroy’s Executive Council would be responsible to the Central Legislative Assembly.
 Eleven provinces were registered, including a new province of Sindh, and North-West Frontier as a full
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Both Congress and Muslim League opposed the Act as it did not give India the independence they sought. It did not establish democracy. The Muslim League disliked the proposals for the central government. However, they were more hopeful about the part of the Act giving powers to provinces.
2. The 1937 Elections and Congress Rule:-
Although they did not approve of the 1935 Act, both Congress and the Muslim League saw the advantage of contesting the elections in 1937. The League had to organize itself as a political party with local organizations able to campaign and obtain the vote. Both Congress and the League produced manifestos setting out their policies.
This was the point when Congress directly attacked Muslim League through Nehru’s statement which declared that there is only two parties, the Congress and the British. In response to this Mr. Jinnah also gave his response by saying that there is a third party for Muslims and it would not line up with any other parties.
By this point, it was clear that Congress doesn’t want Muslim League and these two parties are different and should work opposite to each other to help their

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