Qualitative Research Design Essay

Good Essays
The next stage, after selecting a research paradigm, is to link it with actual practice (Bryman, 1998). This can be accomplished via selecting the appropriate data collection methods that; accommodate research assumptions, answer research questions, and meet research objectives. Accordingly, having explained the research paradigms and assumptions, the following is a description of the nature of the research design methods, namely: qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods, and then proceeds to discuss the design of enquiry.
Research Design

Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches are the most common methods of social sciences studies for data collection and analysis (Velez, 2008). Mackenzie & Knipe (2006); McMillan & Schumacher (2006:12) argue that ‘quantitative and qualitative can be understood as two distinguished terms, which are:
1. As a research paradigm: they explain the aim of a research and how a researcher can understand the world.
2. As methods adopted to collect and analyse data.

For
…show more content…
For Salomon (1991) qualitative inquiry is implemented to deal with complex and dynamic environments. Further Denzin & Lincoln (1998); Gall et al. (2003) point out that it seeks to examine human actions and behaviours in natural settings. Sechrest & Sidani (1995) hold the view that understanding the research context is important in qualitative research to attain a generalizable data.
At the ontological level, qualitative perspective contends that there are multiple truths or realities which exist based on several researchers’ thinking of what is true for a particular social context (Pring, 2000; and Sale et al., 2002). However, in the epistemological level, the researcher is an instrument of data collection and extensively integrated with the researched area (Miles and Huberman,

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    They argued that this approach permits researcher to use both the qualitative and quantitative approaches in solving the research problems. Rorty (1990), Patton (1990), Cherryholmes (1992), Murphy (1990) suggest that Pragmatic approach is related to the solutions of the problems using both research approaches i.e. qualitative and quantitative. According to Creswell (2003) the nature of research problem will decide that which research method is suitable for the solution of the research problem. He suggested that quantitative research is appropriate or suitable when a problem identifies the aspect which influences results, the value or connivance of an interference and assessment or analysis of theory.…

    • 942 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    “These steps are not always in sequence” and include, preparing and organizing the data, coding the data, finding themes through coding, represent findings through visuals and narratives, making interpretations and personally reflecting, and conducting strategies to validate the findings (Creswell, 2015, p. 236). Qualitative research “involves a simultaneous process of analyzing while you are collecting the data” this differs from the quantitative approach in “which data collection occurs first, followed by data analysis” (Creswell, 2015, p.237). The qualitative approach allows researchers to discover ideas as they emerge from the data. Qualitative researchers will also code the data and identify themes. Coding the data helps researchers sort important data and discard data that does not provide the needed thematic evidence (Creswell, 2015, p. 242).…

    • 1006 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    I believe critical realism represent the most sophisticated perspective from which to conduct social scientific research, it is able to understand and employ insights from the positivist and the constructionist perspective and present them in a ‘maximally inclusive’ point of view (Danermark & Bhaskar, 2006). Furthermore to some extent, realism acts as the middle ground to the debateable extremists views of that of the other concepts in the map of sociological approaches. Of all the slightly different realist positions,…

    • 1203 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Furthermore when we are looking at a qualitative study, the researchers need to make sure they have sufficiently represented their participant’s views in the study. Ungar (2006) lays out some expectations that qualitative researchers need to follow to strengthen their study: 1 Have multiple data sources and theoretical schemes been used to demonstrate congruence of the findings (triangulation of the…

    • 812 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It consists of assumptions, principles, and procedures lying behind the particular approach to inquiry. The methodological assumption of naturalistic paradigm is based on participant observation (Arghode, 2012). The methodology of qualitative research design is idiographic, comprehensive and inductive (Gelo.et.al, 2008). Qualitative Research Designs Research design is the structure that has been formed to pursue answers to an inquiry. It connects the philosophical and methodological assumptions of a research approach to its methods to generate legitimate, reliable and liable answers to the research (Gelo, et.al, 2012).…

    • 1324 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    27). Stake (1995) says that “case study is the study of the particularity and complexity of a single case, coming to understand its activity within important circumstances”(p.xi). Yin (2003) maintains that “a case study is an empirical inquiry that investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real-life context, especially when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident” (p.13). Characteristics of a case study can be summarized based on the above definition: a case study focuses on a single instance or case; it is a comprehensive and holistic study where things are studied in detail; it is conducted under natural settings rather than artificial situations; it highlights the relationship between the case and the contexts; it is interested in the process. Merriam (1998,) describes that qualitative case studies can be characterized as being particularistic, descriptive, and…

    • 2073 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Role of Theories in Information Technology Research Qualitative research approach have two things in common. First, they typically focus on phenomena that are occurring or have previously occurred in natural settings—that is, in the “real world.” And second, they involve capturing and studying the complexity of those phenomena. Qualitative research also encompasses a number of methodologies including the Grounded theory, a research methodology primarily associated with qualitative research. (Chiovitti & Piran, 2003) (Leedy & Ormrod, 2014). This theory support practitioner undertaking early literature review and thus play a role in information technology research.…

    • 957 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Reflexivity is a particular form of reflection, the question we ask when being reflexive is how are our methods implicated in the knowledge that we are producing? When we consider that our selves are among our research instruments, informing our methods and helping to construct what we know (Mauthner, 2003:37(3),…

    • 1181 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    1. What is reflexivity? As the researchers are primary data collection instruments in the qualitative study, reflexivity is considered crucial (Merriam, 1998). Reflexivity helps to understand the phenomenon under research and the research process itself (Watt, 2007). It is an ability of the researcher to acknowledge that the researchers themselves influence inquiry and research findings in various ways.…

    • 780 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Epistemology is the study of nature and the source of knowledge, with regards to its limitations and credibility. It examines the relationship between the researcher and the person being researched (Collis and Hussey, 2003; (Remenyi,D. et al., 1998). Ontological assumption is related to the study on nature of reality, and the existence of human in different forms in relation to the researcher (Collis and Hussey, 2003). Positivist paradim is usually regarded as methods of measurement.…

    • 1738 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays