Qualitative And Quantitative Studies

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Qualitative and quantitative studies both exist in the world of research. However, they both play very different roles. Quantitative studies go out into the world with a measuring tape and a particular focus of things that need to be measured and related to each other , while qualitative studies look at the world at a whole and then look at a specific thing with a magnifying glass. They each have their own history and purpose and can be used in combination. In this essay I 'll be looking at how the scientific method of quantitative research measures its variable strictly and with the aim for it to be repeatable with the same or similar results and how this differs from the qualitative method which is a snap shot of a particular time and place …show more content…
As such it views the world as objectively measurable (Alston & Bowles, 2012). The scientific method strives for objectively that produces knowledge through the employment of rules and techniques that can be replicated by other researchers ( Yegidis). In order to make experiments replicable surveys, questionnaires and structured observations are the main techniques used to collect data (Alston & Bowles, 2012). It assumes that because its research is structured anyone studying similar social phenomena will have the same findings. An example of this is Botta, Cadet and Maramaldi 's study on group of social work students where they surveyed 34 students a week before and after receiving mindfulness training based on the theory of planned behaviour and social cognitive theory. The survey data was used to measure change in the students level of mindfulness before and after the training compiled with a paired sample test, which resulted in an measurable outcome. In theory this data could be replicated with the next years batch of students as long as the same 27 point survey was …show more content…
This 2011 study used a quantitative questionnaire as the basis of their study and when a certain variable occurred would interview the test subject with a qualitative semi-structured interview, the study showed that there were several varied situations under which violence against women occurred which would not have been possible with a simple questionnaire alone. The study also proposes several other ways of integrating qualitative and quantitative methods within research such as having a small number of qualitative interviews as an initial pilot to a quantitative study (Testa, Livingston & VanZile-Tamsen, 2011).
Other studies have found that making a project too ambitious whether it be qualitative or quantitative can lead to a longer analyse time, especially if one doesn 't have the resources they need (Cleak, 1996), which can lead to the information becoming less relevant then it might have been. In the end as long as a project takes a step forward in the right direction, even if it is only a baby step, it is still beneficial to the research

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