Qualitative Analysis In English

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Given Korean does not exhibit overt definite and indefinite article forms (“the” and “a” / “an” respectively) in its syntactic and semantic properties, mastering English definite and indefinite article usage in ESL acquisition for non-native Korean speakers (NNS) is a challenging task. This topic of article usage variability has received great attention from researchers since it is a salient linguistic feature in non-native speakers (NNS) English. The difficulty of English article production attributes to the low production rate of English articles in NNS writings, as compared to that of native speakers of English (NS). This study investigates and analyzes how L2 learners’ L1 grammar has influences on the article production rate and the syntactic patterns associated with it. A qualitative and quantitative study based on corpus linguistics analysis revealed that a corpus of NNS students’ academic writings shows significantly lower production rate of English articles than that of NS. Furthermore, in the learner’s corpus the production rate is higher in noun phrases (NPs) bearing no preceding noun or following modifiers than NPs having a preceding noun or following modifiers (articles + (adverbs) + adjectives + noun)
1. Introduction
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The study focuses specifically on investigating the frequency rate of the English definite article “the” and indefinite articles “a”/ “an” in the Korean NNS essays, as compared to the two aforementioned corpora. Additionally, a qualitative analysis was undertaken regarding which syntactic patterns are associated with the production frequency of articles in the English of first language (L1) Korean

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