QCF Level 5 diploma in leadership and management of health and social care - unit 33

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Assignment Brief
Task type:
Question and answers, with reflection where applicable.

Task reference:

Task name:
Unit 33

Description of Task:
Questions to demonstrate your knowledge of the process and experience of Dementia.

Scope of Task
The following areas are to be covered / discussed / referred to in your answers:
Causes of dementia.
Types of memory impairment.
How individuals process information.
Other causes of behavioural changes.
Personality changes.
Changes in ability.

Impact of diagnosis on individual and family.
How to report signs of dementia.
Person centred approach to include dignity, respect, choices and independence.
None person centred approaches and the impact of: Medication.
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The cause of these or how they cause dementia is unknown. There is also a loss of neurotransmitters, and over time, the nerve cells progressively die and brain tissue is lost.

People with dementia experience different types of memory impairment. A decline in memory means that people will often struggle to recall recent events or forget messages, routes or names. They may repeat themselves or ask the same questions repeatedly. They may forget how to do things, such as how to use cutlery, tie shoelaces, get dressed or play chess. Difficulties finding the right word, or understanding the meaning of words, can affect communication. Losing the ability to read or to interpret signs, as well as the person being unable to understand what others are saying can have a big impact on communication. Losing reading and writing skills not only impacts on communicating with others, but can also lead to confusion. People with dementia may no longer understand the normal flow of conversation and might interrupt or ignore people.

Changes in behaviour are common in people with dementia. They may repeat an activity over and over, pace up and down, or follow people around. Sometimes people with dementia can shout, scream, or become physically aggressive. They can become restless and may wake up during the night. A lack of inhibition can mean that somebody with dementia might undress inappropriately, be rude or display inappropriate sexual behaviour. People with dementia may hide and lose

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