Putnam ( 1993 ) Of The Southern Region Of Italy Essay

1215 Words Sep 28th, 2016 5 Pages
Putnam (1993) lays the groundwork for this research by demonstrating the stark differences among the towns across Italy. For example, Seveso, a town in the northern region of Italy, is described as a “modest, modern town in the mixed industrial-and-farming belt” (1993, 4), but became world-famous due to an ecological disaster when a chemical plant exploded and nearly crippled the town’s economy. In another instance, Pietrapertosa, a town in the southern region of Italy, seemed to mimic the public governance of centuries in the past according to Putnam (1993, 4). Many citizens in this town still lived in stone hovels, local farmers still threshed grain by hand, and transportation – at least for the less fortunate residents – was provided by donkeys (1993, 4). Within this context, the noted North-South gap in Italy is not shocking, but the lack of possible explanations is strikingly underdeveloped. Although Putnam maintains that high social capital profoundly conditions the effectiveness of institutions, he does not efficiently address the geographical disadvantages that may have, and continue to, cause the Italian dualism throughout the twentieth century (1993, 158). For starters, researchers have suggested that the southern regions experience far more physical disadvantages in comparison to the northern regions. They have a greater distance from markets, unfavorable terrain, and lack of natural resources, all of which, may account for the disparities more commonly associated…

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