Purpose Of Civil Law Essay

1276 Words 6 Pages
Source and Purpose of Civil Law
Historically, civil law is derived from Rome’s Corpus Juris Civilis and France’s Code Napoleon (Emerson, 2009). It is founded on English common law. Notably, civil law systems are founded on legislative codes rather than judicial precedents. These codes are comprehensive and authoritative collections of rules that cover principal subjects of law. Currently, the main sources of civil law include academicians and legislative bodies. According to Schubert (2014), civil law codes are based on theory, philosophy, and abstract principles. The main purpose of civil law is to provide compensation for loss or damages incurred.
Source and Purpose of Criminal Law
Criminal laws are set of laws, a contravention of which constitutes
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Notably, the law of tort creates standards that certain people reasonably embrace (Halbert & Ingulli, 2012). Plaintiffs (businesses or employees) rely on the law of tort to convince the judge to award them monetary damages. For instance, the judge compels companies to pay damages to another after it infringes copyright, patent or trademark rights (Morrison, 2015). On the other hand, plaintiffs rely on the law of contracts to convince the judge to compel the defendant to execute contractual obligations or pay substantial monetary damages (Emerson, 2009).
Implications of Criminal Law to Business
The implications of criminal law to business are based on the legality and effects of business activities to the public (Schubert, 2014). Activities such as unfair competition, operating unlicensed businesses, and tax evasions are charged under criminal law. Notably, the purposes of antitrust laws are to restrain the existence of monopolies and restrictive businesses practices such as price fixing in the market (Morrison, 2015). Thus, criminal law facilitates fair and smooth run of businesses.
Steps of Litigating a Civil Case through the Judicial

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