Purpose and History Paper

844 Words Oct 14th, 2013 4 Pages
Purpose and History
Norris R. Billingsley
CJA 234
October 8, 2013
Yolonda Johnson

Purpose and History
In reference to the history of punishment for crimes, which date back as far as 450 B.C., some of the earliest methods of punishment are replaced by more efficient and humane methods of punishments or corrections. Punishments back then were harsher, brutal, and inhumane because people strongly believed in the retributive approach to crimes committed by individuals. Punishments such as whippings, brandings, torture, beatings, and mutilations were in efforts to make the punishment as relevant as possible to the crime committed also known as corporal punishment. Liars had their tongues ripped out; thieves had their finger or hand cut
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As a result of the Auburn system prisons became cheaper to build and operate, production of goods and resale increased, and fewer inmates developed mental health problems (Seiter, 2011). By the mid-1800s, numerous large prisons in the United States adopted The Auburn system. Due to the overcrowding of prisons, prison operators built new ones and started seeking reform, which led to the adoption of the Irish system. The Irish system was seen as more humanitarian and place emphasis on training and preparation of release.
In comparison, The Pennsylvania system and the Auburn system were almost the same. Though the Auburn system allowed prisoners to congregate during the day, they still enforced prisoners from interacting with one another during evenings. Instead of masking prisoners like the Pennsylvania system, the Auburn system used a march with eyes down method. Both used hard labor, and cells that was stack in tiers. The Auburn system was better than the Pennsylvania system because, unlike the Pennsylvania system they allowed prisoners to interact, which led to a sales production increase.
As prisons became overcrowded, some prison operators put emphasis on work and producing goods that could make the prisons economically self-supporting (Seiter, 2011). As a result of using free labor and a large volume of prison-made products sold on the market, led to the idea of management by external agencies on prison systems. During the Great Depression

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