Essay on Puritan Ideology

768 Words Nov 15th, 2012 4 Pages
American Literature Before 1865
14 February 2012
Puritan Ideology: Irresistible Grace Puritanism was a group of practices and principles that created reforms in doctrine and religion. The basic Puritan beliefs were founded on the TULIP concept. It is an acronym that stands for: Total depravity, Unconditional election, Limited atonement, Irresistible grace, and Perseverance of the saints. There are also other beliefs outside of TULIP, such as typology, manifest destiny, and backsliding. However, a principle that was focused on by John Winthrop and Jonathan Edwards is irresistible grace. It makes the assertion that God’s grace is freely given; it cannot be earned or denied. Grace is recognized as the saving and transfiguring
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Although Winthrop and Edwards’ ideals of the new world were different, both of them support the idea of God as a deity and have the same basic Puritan beliefs. In Edward’s sermon, “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” he uses scare tactics to persuade the sinners to repent. Edwards lets the people know that it is only by God’s irresistible grace that they are not being sent to hell. It is always up to God whether he wishes to save or condemn someone and that at any moment, one could be cast away into hell. He does this by saying; “God has laid Himself under no obligation by any promise to keep any natural man out of hell one moment” (429). He also says, “The strongest have no power to resist Him, not can any deliver out of His hands” (426). Edwards is showing the sinners that no one is exempt from God’s wrath when he decides to bestow it upon them. “That the reason they are not fallen already, and do not fall now, is only that God’s appointed time has not come. For it is said that when that due time, or appointed time comes, their foot shall slide” (426). The sin that he is mentioning is not only the sins they commit at the time, but also their innate depravity to sin that all humans are

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