Punishment Is Society 's Form Of Justice Essay

1452 Words 6 Pages
Punishment is society’s form of justice, however social structure changes and so does what we perceive to be true justice. Making the victim whole is no longer the sole purpose of punishment. Deterrence is the key to making sure that people who commit crimes are reformed through punishment and given the opportunity to demonstrate that they can become law-abiding citizens. Parole, probation, halfway homes are some programs designed to give criminals this second chance. However, according to the National Institute of Justice study performed in 2005 it tracked over 400, 000 prisoners in thirty states and found that within three years of their release 67.8 percent of those individuals returned to prison and jail (Durose, Matthew, & Cooper 2014). A quarter of these prisoners was released unconditional, with no legal status or parole officer to report to, and yet still reoffended. Recidivism rates are at an all-time high, and while numerous studies only measure how many prisoners reoffend, it shows little on why they continue to relapse. The criminal justice system dates far back as 2000 B.C., and the penitentiary system was simpler; punish offenders by locking them up. However, society felt reform was in order; the concept to change an individual into a productive citizen was more important than locking them up and throwing away the key. Trying to find the source or reason of their deviant behavior was a crucial step in the deterrence. Leaders felt that social conditions were…

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