Essay about Public Health Hepatitis

1180 Words Mar 27th, 2015 5 Pages
Public Health Hepatitis B
Jorge Cruz Jr
Grand Canyon University

According to the Hepatitis B Foundation, the virus has infected about 2 billion people worldwide, which is about 1 person out of every three (Our Accomplishments, 2014). Hepatitis B virus or the HBV is a virus that can cause a lifetime of damage to the liver. “Hepatitis” on its own refers to the inflammation of the live, although there are many causes of inflammation of liver the family of the hepatitis viruses are the most common with Hep A, B, and C being most prominent of the family. Although the family of the hepatitis’ viruses are similar in structure, they differ in transmission and infection. For instances, Hepatitis A is transmitted fecal to oral, whereas
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Symptoms including fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and the classic liver failure signs (jaundice, clay colored stools, and dark urine). Incubation period for the virus could take up to three months and acute infection could last up to 6 months. Development of a chronic infection seems to depend on age of the person, the older the person is the less likely HVB will cause a chronic infection. To put it into numbers, approximately 90% of infants infected will acquire a chronic illness, rate drops about half for children between one and five, then significantly drops about to less than 10% for anyone over the age of five. Chronic infection of hepatitis B may display similar symptoms of acute infection, but for the most part many individual are symptom free for as long as 20-30 years. According to WHO, complications of hepatitis include cirrhosis, liver failure, liver cancer, and even death (Hepaitits B, 2008).
Treatment options for are limited as there is no definitive cure; usually supportive care is provided during acute infection. However is there a vaccine, which prevents infection from occurring, the vaccine is done in a series of 3-4 shots over a 6-month period that is usually done within the first year of life. This vaccine prevents creates immunity from infection with boosters occasionally needed throughout a person’s life.
According to the CDC, Asian and Pacific

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