Public Administration And New Public Management

1297 Words 5 Pages
sector. Accordingly, the researcher further emphasized on the fact that a new management model in organizations could be adopted, whether public or private. The criticism of the bureaucracy and the rise of the superiority of private management systems in relation to public administration, materialized on a set of fundamental principles: decentralization, deregulation and delegation.
1. Decentralization as a fundamental principle for organizations can acquire creativity and innovation, implying at the same time reducing hierarchical levels. To Harris (2009), this is an essential process as public managers are unable to manage projects and people, merely to manage processes and systems.
2. Deregulation as a way for managers can intervene directly
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According to Hood (2007), this term designates a set of broadly similar doctrines that dominated the agenda of bureaucratic reform in many OECD countries since the end of The 70 's.This reform of the public sector under the influence of New Public Management started in the UK with the entrance of Margaret Thatcher 's government in 1979 and main theoretical influence the ideologies of the "New Right", which opposed the intervention in the State economy. Although it can be theoretically included in the managerial paradigm (Hood, 2007) .New Public Management stands out from the traditional public management as it features have greater clarity in their …show more content…
The new public management and the reinvention of governance are the two most significant reform movements in recent years, coming from UK and United States of America. These models advocate market logic and the adoption of techniques and instruments of private management to solve the problems of effectiveness and efficiency of public services, in an attempt to improve the quality of service to citizen service. Some reviews have pointed to these models, mainly due to the structural characteristics of the public sector and increase in the number of scandals related to some ethical principles in the management of public services. In this line appears in the public sphere, a new management model already used in many private sector organizations, corporate governance, which calls for responsible management and transparent oriented civil society and for greater autonomy and participation of citizens. In this paradigm shift, the management of human resources has taken on new roles. A purely administrative and bureaucratic personnel management with unique concerns of law enforcement witnessed a human resources management, concerned with the development of human capital, with their motivation and satisfaction of

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