Ptsd Essay

4894 Words 20 Pages
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Necessary Improvements the United States Department of Veterans Affairs and United States Department of Defense Must Make

Abstract
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a mental anxiety disorder, affects 13% to 20% of armed force members returning from Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) (Hoge, et. al, 2004), in addition to a large population of Vietnam Veterans. Within the past 32 years, awareness of this disorder has escalated and the realism of the severity of this disorder has been noticed. Efforts to screen and treat PTSD in military veterans have been established by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Screening is conducted once military personnel
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Although the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and the United States Department of Defense (DOD) argue they are providing adequate services for military victims of posttraumatic stress disorder, the level of care is inadequate with regards to screening and treatment. Screening and treatment must be improved to ensure an acceptable quality of life for the men and women who risk their lives for the United States.
What is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder? PTSD adversely impacts the mental state of an individual. The National Institute of Mental Health (2012) defines PTSD: “Posttraumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder that some people get after seeing or living through a dangerous event” (para.1). PTSD affects normal individuals under extremely stressful conditions. This disorder develops after experiencing or witnessing a life-altering, traumatic event such as combat exposure, sexual and physical abuse, terrorist attacks, serious accidents, and natural disasters (“Understanding PTSD Treatment,” 2011, p.1-2). Combat exposure is the primary focus for PTSD of Military Veterans. Because of fighting and serving in war, U.S. veterans have engaged in and witnessed traumatic events. Many of them have experienced the unimaginable, such as watching the person right next to them die. Unfortunately, for some members of the armed forces,

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