Essay on Ptsd : A Significant Emotional Impact On Returned Soldiers

1326 Words Aug 2nd, 2015 null Page
Emotional Impact
PTSD has a significant emotional impact on returned soldiers; this is amplified with the occurrence of comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD). Ikin, Creamer, Sim, and McKenzie (2010) investigated the prevalence of comorbid PTSD and MDD amongst Australian veterans of the Korean War; 52 percent of PTSD cases were shown to have co-occurring depression. Key features of MDD include, disturbances in appetite, sleep, energy and concentration and overwhelming feelings of worthlessness, guilt and suicidal ideation, several of these overlap with PTSD symptoms (Burton, Westen, & Kowalski, 2012b). Comorbid PTSD and MDD were shown to be associated with a greater reduction in quality of life and greater symptom severity; this increase in intensity is not unexpected considering overlap exists (Ikin et al., 2010). PTSD-MDD comorbidity was also found to be positively associated with a number of military specific factors including decreasing rank, increasing combat severity and deployment during active warfare (Ikin et al., 2010).
Similarly, Kulkarni et al. (2012) identified anger and dissociation as risk factors for the development and maintenance of PTSD in returned American soldiers. Anger and dissociation are problematic coping strategies that facilitate the active avoidance of the emotional content of trauma and provide individuals with a false sense control (Kulkarni et al., 2012). Anger allows individuals to feel as though they are ‘doing’ something rather than…

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