Psychosocial Essay

2655 Words Apr 14th, 2012 11 Pages
PSYCHO-SOCIAL ASPECTS OF HEALTH

INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of both psychological and sociological factors that may impact on the patient/client and also relate to psychological and sociological theories and National Policies. The real name of the client has been changed to protect the patients confidentiality (Nursing and Midwifery Council 2008) NMC.
The patient I will be discussing is Mark, a 42 year old man who has worked for a construction company for the past 20 years. Mark is married and has three children ages 3, 4, and 8. Following an incident at home in which Mark fell 15 feet off a roof, he has had persistent chronic lower back pain. Two surgeries over the past 12
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According to Burton et al (1995), self esteem can have negative consequences such as attempted suicide or withdrawal from friends and family.
In relation to my client’s condition, I believe the Behaviourist theory most applies to him. Schwartz et al (1982) mentioned that, Behaviourism is a learning theory that only focuses on objectively observable behaviours and discounts any independent activities of the mind. Behaviour theorists define learning as the acquisition of new behaviour based on environment conditions.
Experiments by behaviourists identify conditioning as a universal learning process. There are two different types of conditioning, each yield a different behavioural pattern. The first is Classic Conditioning discovered by Pavlov (1903), which occurs when a natural reflex responds to a stimulus. According to Pavlov (1903), we are all biologically “wired” so that a certain stimulus will produce a specific response.
The second is Operant Conditioning by Skinner (1931). This occurs when a response to a stimulus is reinforced. Operant Conditioning is a feedback system in which a reward or reinforcement follows the response from a stimulus, and then the response becomes more probable in the future (Skinner 1931).
Behaviourists tried to show that all behaviour could be

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