Psychosocial Crisis

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Significant impacts of the psychosocial crisis for infancy and toddlerhood The most significant impacts of the psychosocial crisis of infancy and toddlerhood include trust and mistrust during infancy; and, autonomy versus shame and doubt during toddlerhood (Newman & Newman, 2015). During the infant stage of development, the child begins to form connections based on the quality of attachments made with their caregivers. Newman and Newman (2015) state that trust is the belief in the “availability, dependability, and sensitivity of another person” (p. 177). Also, infants begin to form these types of connections based on the child experience of danger or loss, an inefficient caregiver or of not feeling lovable (Newman & Newman, 2015). During …show more content…
An infant can develop trust or mistrust through the caregivers’ ability to establish a safe and stimulating environment. An infant develops sensory and motor functions, as well as the ability to communicate at a very basic level. For example, the infant’s physical safety can include safety precautions in relation to a toddler learning how to negative stairs and covering up electrical outlets; and also include an infant’s proper nutrition. Psychologically, an infant develops trust or mistrust based on the psychological wellness of the primary caregivers. An example of this is if a mother is experiencing depression. This mother’s responsiveness to the needs of the child, or lack thereof, impacts the child’s development of hope. Newman and Newman (2015) state that the child’s ability to establish hope is based upon the parent’s ability to remove barriers to achieving their goals. The behavioral impact of a caregiver’s availability also impacts the child’s behavior. If a mother is depressed and unavailable to their child, this can cause a child to be withdrawn in their …show more content…
These factors will also dictate how this child is cared for. During the infant psychosocial crisis of trust versus mistrust, a caregiver’s support may vary based on how they believe an infant should develop if they are distressed or if they believe a child is resilient or extremely fragile (Newman & Newman, 2015). For example, if the child is born into a culture that believes the primary caregivers and extended family and/or friends have the responsibility of caring for the child, attachment and trust will extend to additional

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