Psychology Essay

10541 Words Sep 5th, 2013 43 Pages
P A R T

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Be Aware


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very man takes the limits of his own field of vision for the limits of the world,” wrote philosopher Arthur

Schopenhauer. The wider a person’s field of vision, of course, the deeper and more accurate his or her grasp of everyday experiences. The chapters included in this section of the book will enlarge your understanding of the thinking process; clarify the important and frequently misunderstood concepts of truth, knowledge, and opinion; identify the habits that corrupt thinking; and show you how to become a more critical reader.

ISBN 1-256-46689-1 The Art of Thinking: A Guide to Critical and Creative Thought, Tenth Edition, by Vincent Ryan Ruggiero. Published by Pearson. Copyright © 2012 by
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All the while his mind is repeating, “Think . . . think . . . theme . . . .” Is Claude thinking? No. He’s trying to, hoping to, but not really doing so. His mental motor is racing, but his transmission is in neutral. He’s ready to go, but not going. Let’s consider another case. Agatha, a college student, is sitting in the campus cafeteria, drinking her morning coffee. To all outward appearances

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The Art of Thinking: A Guide to Critical and Creative Thought, Tenth Edition, by Vincent Ryan Ruggiero. Published by Pearson. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

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Chapter 1

Developing Your Thinking: An Overview

she is not only thinking but totally lost in thought. Here is what is taking place in her mind:

So much work to do today . . . must remember to meet Jim at 6 P.M. . . . I’ll have to begin my term paper soon . . . That Bertha is such a slob— I wish she’d clean her part of the room sometime this semester . . . my hair looks so awful—if only I could fix it like Martha’s, it would look neat, yet demand little attention . . . If winter would only end, I wouldn’t be so depressed—why is my mood so dominated by the weather? . . . This coffee is bitter—you’d think the staff here could at least make a decent cup of coffee . . . I can’t wait to get home to have a real meal

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