Essay on Psychology

1107 Words Apr 19th, 2015 5 Pages
Chapter 5 Consciousness
Q? What are the greatest mysteries of consciousness?
A: Phenomenology: how things seem to conscious person, in their understanding of mind and behavior
Problem of others mind
-Fundamental difficulty we have in perceiving the consciousness of others.
-No real way to tell if a person who is conscious from someone who might do and say all the same things as a conscious person who is not conscious
-Factor Analysis
1. Capacity for experience: Ability to feel pain, pleasure, hunger, consciousness, anger, or fear.
2. Capacity for agency: Ability for self-control, planning, memory, or thought.
(As shown in Figure 5.1, respondents rated some targets as having little experience or agency (the dead person), others as
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Quite simply, it may appear to us that our minds are leading our brains and bodies, but the order of events may be the other way around (Haggard & Tsakiris, 2009; Wegner,2002).
Nature of Consciousness
4 Basic Properties of consciousness
1: Intentionality: is the quality of being directed towards an object. Consciousness is always about something. Despite all the lush detail you see in your mind’s eye, the sights and sounds and feelings and thoughts, the object of your consciousness at any one moment is just a small part of these.
2: Unity/ resistance to division: Why shouldn’t you watch tv and study at the same time? Because participants who divide their attention by reacting to two games superimposed on a tv screen but their error rate when attending to the two tasks was eight times greater than when attending to either task alone.
3: Selectivity: Capacity to include some objects but not to others. The conscious system is most inclined to select information of special interest to the person. Cocktail Party Phenomenon, people tune in one message even while they filter out others nearby. (Talking to one person and hearing someone else from a distance mentioning your name)
4: Transiene/ Tendency to change: The mind wanders not just sometimes, but incessantly,

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