Psychology : Theories That Reflect The Dominant Influence Of Instinct And The Neurotic Behavior

1600 Words Apr 29th, 2015 null Page
Dynamic psychology has a wide group of theories that emphasize the dominant influence of instinct and the importance of developmental experiences. Sigmund Freud, a neurologist and psychotherapist, emphasizes the importance of unconscious processes in normal and neurotic behavior. He suggested the existence of an unconscious element in the mind. This would then influence consciousness and conflicts in various sets of forces. Freud states that there are three elements of personality, ID, superego, and ego. ID is driven by basic wants and needs; these are usually instinctual such as hunger, thirst, and sexual intercourse. Superego is driven by the morality principle with the morality of higher thought and action. Ego balances ID and superego to work to achieve the ID’s goal but with reason (Pasos).
Carl Jung is a psychotherapist and psychiatrist. He believed in archetypes; archetypes are “instinctive tendencies that shape human behavior and a situation”. One of the archetypes is: one’s self, this is the center of the psychic person, the wholeness of a person. The center is made up of the unity of the conscious and unconscious process. A person has an attitude; which is described as a person’s tendency to behave in a particular way. There are two opposing attitudes, introversion and extroversion. An introvert in most aware of one’s inner world, the attitude is concerned with subjective appraisal and often gives more consideration to fantasies and dreams. The outward…

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