Psychology Follows the Scientific Method and Is Therefore Considered as a Science. Discuss
Psychology is a science and therefore it follows the scientific method. The scientific method is a standardized way of making observations, gathering data, forming theories, testing predictions and interpreting results. This scientific method employs a set of rules that apply to a form of research that identifies cause and effect relations. This research is called an experiment and it consists of five steps. They are identifying the problem, designing the experiment, performing the experiment, evaluating the hypothesis and finally communicating the result.
To identify the problem, one has to formulate the hypothetical cause and effect …show more content…
Psychology is seen as a science mainly by those who study the subject but normal people and scientists do not see it as being a science. Let us for example consider the psychological approach “collects objective evidence”. The scientist approach would be “measures heat given off by a reaction, weights product of reaction,” but the psychological approach would be “records subject behavior : number of words written down on a memory test, ratings made in judgement task, personality test responses, reaction times and other things” Normally people perceive science as happening in a laboratory doing experiments and discovering evidence by being creative asking questions to pry answers out of nature, but psychologically, cleverness is measured through psychological concepts, generating hypotheses and devising studies that rule out alternative explanations for findings.
Psychology is theory, much like psychiatry. It is not LAB tests that are done, it is just observation and opinion. It is and always will be in the pre-science phase. Criticisms of psychological research often come from perception that it is a “soft” science. Philosopher of science Thomas Kuhn (1962) critiqued and implied that psychology was in