Psychology Dissertation Essay

9590 Words Jul 12th, 2015 39 Pages
Borderline Personality Disorder
Name of Student
Course name
Date of submission

Borderline Personality Disorder
Literature Review
The literature review first presents the evolution of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) over the past 60 years, highlighting the shift from psychodynamic perspectives to that of biological and environmental determinates. Diagnostic classification of BPD is then examined, and subsequently discussed in terms of sectors of psychopathology that serve to demarcate the disorder. Next, dominant contemporary aetiologies of BPD are discussed, leading to an examination of comorbidities and the prevalence of BPD across populations. The focus of the review shifts to an examination of BPD in university students,
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Alternatively, neurosis has a psychological basis, in that it represents an anxious response, relative to an inability to cope with one’s environment, but leaves cognitive functions such as reality testing intact. As such, the borderline pathology was associated with an underlying psychological structure that resisted differentiation endemic to psychodynamic approaches, and was thus considered untreatable (Kernberg & Michels, 2009). The conceptualisation of a ‘borderline personality’ evolved through the 1960’s,and during the 1970’s was subsequently conceptualised using a developmental psychopathology perspective, that emphasised pathways to emergence including biological predisposition, and environmental precursors such as poor interactions with primary caregivers (Gunderson, 2009). This shift allowed greater distinction between aetiology and symptoms, through identifying measurable constructs associated with the disorder, such as retrospectively tapping the quality of interactions with primary caregivers, and establishing whether an observed set of characteristics such as self-harm, replicated across a cohort of people. As a consequence, research in this area led to the description of a delineated clinical syndrome that formed the basis of the first BPD criterion published in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental

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