Psychological Trauma and Mental Health Institute Essay example

3952 Words 16 Pages
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
A Biblical Close-up
Ryan Rusk
Liberty University
CRIS 607

Abstract

Post-Traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects many different people in different ways. Along with post-traumatic stress disorder often comes a co-morbid aspect that patients see as coping mechanisms for the post-traumatic stress disorder that they know little about. Post-traumatic stress and alcohol/substance abuse addiction often find themselves closely related due to the vast amount of individuals who use alcohol or other substances to treat the symptoms of PTSD. When a patient takes on substance abuse, they no longer have one disorder to deal with, they have two. Patients and counselors
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The DSM-V classifies PTSD as a trauma- and stressor-related disorder rather than an anxiety disorder (American Psychiatric Association, 2014). Some of the other risk factors that could increase an individual’s likelihood of PTSD would be “severity of the traumatic exposure, history of past trauma or previous psychiatric disorder, female gender, experience of further stressful events, and lack of social support” (Seedat, 2013). Anthony Steele, writer and researcher for The Veteran Advisor states that “included in the diagnoses of PTSD, the traumatic event must be unrelenting in at least one of the following (list not inclusive):
■ Nightmares of the event
■ Flashbacks
■ Repeated and hurtful recollections of the event
■ Fear when exposed to occurrences or situations similar to the traumatic event
PTSD also involves constant problems with at least one of the following (not present before the traumatic event; list not inclusive):
■ Becoming angry for no apparent reason
■ Inability to think straight or keep your thoughts in order
■ Overreaction to sudden noises
■ Difficulty falling or staying asleep
■ Hypervigilance
PTSD can also involve avoiding things associated with the trauma as indicated by the following:
■ No interest in participating in social events
■ Few friends and a hard time getting close to immediate family
■ Feeling of no hope for the future
■ Avoiding activities, people, or places that will arouse

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