Psychological Theories Of Crime And Delinquency Essay examples

1229 Words Jun 2nd, 2015 5 Pages
The literature review “Psychological Theories of Crime and Delinquency,” published in Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment in April 2011, by Megan Moore at School of Social Welfare, University of California at Berkeley focuses on the psychological theories of understanding crime and delinquency. Psychological theories deal with identifying individual differences rather than social theories. This review identifies five important theories used in psychology, learning theories, intelligence theories, personality theories, theories of psychopathy, and cognitive and social development theories. These theories were chosen due to the fact that they have been used to explain crime previously, have been considered important by scholars, and they’re focal point on individuals and internal processes. It concludes with, if researchers and policy makers would take these psychological theories into account they could possibly make changes to crime and delinquency. The author starts with defining what Criminology is, “the scientific study of crime as a social phenomenon, of criminals, and of penal treatment”(Moore, 2011, p.226). Many define Criminology as just that, a “social phenomenon”, behaviors that are influenced by others. However, Moore decides to explain the psychological reasons that can explain crime. These psychological reasons are broken down into five categorizes, learning theories, intelligence theories, personality theories, theories of psychopathy, and…

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