Psychological Testing And Clinical Diagnosis Essay

1266 Words Sep 24th, 2016 6 Pages
Psychological Testing and Clinical Diagnosis It is vital that for counselors who conduct psychological tests and determine clinical diagnoses ensure that the process is done in an ethical and appropriate way. To ensure this occurs, a counselor must fully understand the diagnosis, including the symptoms, prevalence, and development of the disorder, as well as be knowledgeable of tools and psychological test that support the diagnosis. It is also important that the tests being used to help support the diagnosis are reliable and valid. This writer will demonstrate this by using the diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
PTSD
PTSD is a disorder that often develops following a traumatic event in which the individual experiencing the event experienced helplessness, intense fear, or horror (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). PTSD can result from rape, assault, combat, as well as any other situation in which the individual was exposed to or threatened with death, or serious injury, or sexual violence, or witnessed it (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Individuals who suffer from PTSD often “re-experience” the trauma through thoughts, dreams, and images related to the event (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Individuals may also avoid stimuli associated with the traumatic event, and have negative alterations in mood and cognition (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). The DSM 5 identifies that in the United States, projected lifetime risk for…

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