Model Of Crisis Intervention

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There are a multitude of behavioral issues that a child can develop after a traumatic situation if untreated. According to Kar (2009), “common psychiatric manifestations among children include acute stress reactions, adjustment disorders, depression, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders specific to childhood and psychotic disorder” (p. 1). As a result, children have an increased need for immediate care in a crisis situation. This care must consist of a program implemented to assist in the recognition of traumatic symptoms early on in children, since in most cases children are unable to recognize the trauma within themselves and often time mistake reliving the trauma for a nightmare. Psychological First Aid (PFA), …show more content…
Second-order intervention or crisis therapy, seeks to resolve the crisis and is generally provided by trained, licensed human services professionals (p. 20).
In 1954, the American Psychiatric Association published a monograph titled, Psychological First Aid in Community Disasters, that monograph introduced a crisis model that was appropriate for use in all disaster, whether they be natural disasters or man-made (Everly, Jr. & Flynn, 2006). Over the years this model has been adapted for use in many different areas, “although there is little outcome data regarding the effectiveness of PFA principles, research shows that those who have used the PFA Guide respond to disasters such as Hurricanes Katrina, Gustav, and Ike found it helpful and would recommend its use (Hambrick, Rubens, Vernberg, Jacobs & Kanine, 2014, p. 204). Furthermore, the successful use of the PFA model does not take years of training to use or implement. Therefore, allowing any person willing to help in a crisis situation the ability to use it with little training, that usually consisted of a one-day work shop or an even briefer training of only a few
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Linkage with Collaborative Services- Goal: To link survivors with needed services, and inform them about available services that may be needed in the future.
(Ruzek, et al., 2007, p. 25-26)
When utilizing these steps, it is important, as stated prior, to remember that they do not necessarily need to be completed in order. Remembering that a person sometimes can move in and out of a crisis and therefore, the use of PFA allows the clinician to move in and out of the crisis as well.
Review of Sources When researching information regarding psychological first aid and school trauma, it is imperative to be able to successfully identify what is and is not an appropriate source. This can be ascertained by asking oneself several questions related to where the source was published, when it was published, the credentials of the authors, and the overall use of the source being primary or secondary. In order for the source to be found credible it will have a clear reference guide citing where the information can be obtained. In some circumstances the source may be credible, however, it may be non-credible as well, depending on the year of publication and if the information in the source is still

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