Psychological Behaviorism : Learning Through Reinforcements Essay
Allyce Braddy, Marist College, Psychology Department.
Study of human behavior has been fiercely debated and reviewed for centuries dating back to Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle. Behavioral Psychology flourished during the 1920’s as a leading theory of learning established upon the idea that all human behaviors develop through some sort of conditioning, lead by both positive and negative reinforcements. Behaviorism refers to the school of psychology founded by John B. Watson established on the principle that behaviors can be scientifically interpreted using measurements and can transform to meet the needs of humanity. Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment. Watson believed that behavior responses to environmental stimuli shape behaviors. According to Watson, observation served as an essential tool systematical studying behaviors with no concern of internal mental states. Watson urged the idea that internal mental processes were too subjective and could not be used as a reliable source in identifying human behaviors. Individuals who opposed Watson criticized behaviorism and suggested that it was a simplistic approach to understanding human behavior. They believed that Watson’s behavioral theories could no incorporate the use for free will and internal influences such as moods, thoughts, and feelings. Followers of…