According to the Erikson’s developmental task theory, pregnancy should not affect the developmental tasks for adolescents (Hatfield, 2014, p. 381). Adolescent struggle with identity versus role confusion. Carol can encourage Jessica Riley to talk about identity issues while at the same time gain acceptance of her new role as a mother (Hatfield, 2014, p. 381). Accepting the baby is the developmental task for mothers in the second trimester (Hatfield, 2014, p.126). Encouraging Jessica to shop for baby clothes, preparing the nursery, or feeling for fetal movement can facilitate acceptance of …show more content…
“These include cytomegalovirus, rubella, chickenpox and toxoplasmosis.” (Low birthweight. 2014)
· Problems with the placenta. The placenta is the major factor contributing to babies’ weight since the nutrients received are provided through the placenta connected by the umbilical cord. “The placenta grows in your uterus and supplies your baby with food and oxygen through the umbilical cord. Some problems in the placenta can reduce the flow of blood and nutrients to your baby, which can limit your baby’s growth.” (Low birthweight. 2014)
· Mother not gaining enough weight can result in a malnourishment and an underweight baby. This is why it is mighty important to keep up with the pre-natal doctor visits and if needed, taking supplements prescribed by your doctor to provide nutrients needed for the fetus and mother.
· Young mothers below the age of 17 and mothers who are older than the age of 35 can also have a higher chance of LBW.
· Financial issues can contribute to multiple factors listed above. Not everyone has healthcare to cover prenatal care visits. Organic, nutritional healthy foods are also at very high pricing