Psychological And Physical Characteristics Of Down Syndrome Essay

823 Words Dec 14th, 2015 4 Pages
Down syndrome is a condition involving the adding of chromosome 21 in one or multiple of the individuals cells. This causes various psychological and physical affects. Some of the physical traits associated with down syndrome are a small body, especially head and ears, hypotonia, hands that are broad and short, epicanthal folds, abnormalities of the ear, and nasal bridges that are flat in shape. There are also several orofacial characteristics such as a protruding tongue that occurs as a secondary characteristic to having a small and narrow palate (Saenz). These are just some of the physical characteristics commonly seen in the chromosomal condition, but the actual presentation of physical characteristics is highly individualized. Down Syndrome is the most common chromosomal condition, affecting one in every 691 babies born in the United States and over 400,000 individuals live with the chromosomal condition in the United States (“Ear, Nose and Throat and Down Syndrome”, Fogle 281). There is a slightly higher incidence of Down Syndrome in boys than girls. Infants are often diagnosed at birth by the occurrence of physical characteristics, but the actual expression of Down Syndrome varies considerably, and the diagnosis may be delayed if too much importance is put on only the typical physical characteristics. The diagnosis will be later confirmed through the use of “genetic karyotyping”, which determines the number of chromosomes present in the body 's eukaryotic cells (Saenz…

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