Psychological And Biological Factors Of Mental Illness Essay

1378 Words Nov 23rd, 2015 6 Pages
The exact cause of mental illness is unknown, but through research, and statistics, many of the conditions are a combination of environmental, psychological, and biological factors (WebMd 2005). According to The Kim Foundation some mental illnesses are linked to abnormal balance of neurotransmitters. A neurotransmitter is a chemical that is released from the nerve cell which thereby transmits an impulse from a nerve cell to another nerve, muscle, cell, organ, or other tissue (MedicineNet). Other biological factors can include genetics, infections, brain defect or injury, prenatal damage, poor nutrition, and exposure to toxins. Psychiatric disorders are a medical disease, and are existent. Those diagnosed with a mental disorder, also face stereotype, prejudice, and discrimination throughout their daily lives, and are labeled as unstable, violent, and dangerous.
According to The Mental Illness Policy Organization one of the main causes of the stigma is the “violent behavior by mentally ill persons who are not being treated” (Torrey 2011). The Mental Ill Policy Organization argues that treating people with serious mental illness will decrease the episodes of violence. Two studies were done to evaluate the effect of outpatient treatment (AOT) on violent behavior. The study was for those who were referred, and usually having a history of being non-compliant when it comes to medication, and is often accompanied by violent behavior. The purpose of Assistant Outpatient Treatment…

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