Extreme Trauma Theory

Decent Essays
Angelique Howington
September 17, 2015
Dr. Ribeiro
Introduction to Psychopathology and Adaptive Behavior 

O’Hare, T., Shen, C., & Sherrer, M. V. (2015). Lifetime abuse and self-harm in people with severe mental illness: A structural equation model. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, And Policy, 7(4), 348-355. doi:10.1037/tra0000016
Article Review People with severe mental illness (SMI) generally have experience with an extreme trauma over their lifetime (Muesser et al., 1998). There is a high percentage of people in the sample of this experiment, 29% to 43%, that have post traumatic stress disorder than the general public which is a smaller percentage of 8% (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). In this research, they
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In this experiment physical and sexual abuse were the two types of trauma that were looked at closely. People with history of these types of abuse can lead to having a severe mental illness (SMI), which includes schizophrenia spectrum, major mood disorders, and post traumatic stress disorder. For this study clients reported their abuse and the results were 44.7% had childhood sexual assault and 18.3 had physical assault (Muesser et al., 1998). With these samples many reported that these assaults happened more than once in their lifetime. People with SMI who have reported these symptoms are more likely diagnosed with substance abuse, suicide attempts and other high risk behaviors (Lu et al., 2008). They studied people who had thoughts of selfing harming, which include but not limited to, burning ones self, cutting, mutilation, and unprotected sex and how it correlates to psychiatric disorders. This study is to show that people with SMI are at a higher risk for suicide than anyone with psychiatric disorders and how abuse has led them to this ultimate goal (Harris & Barraclough, …show more content…
The Risky Behaviors and Stressful Events scale was used to measure the lifetime sexual abuse and suicide attempts. The study suspected that indirect effects on self harm would be significant via negative appraisals, which they used the structural equation model Abrams, Rojas, & Arciniegas, 2008). The 242 subsample of clients were identified by the following; 43.9% had schizophrenia and 56.1% had mood disorder. Of the subgroup 162 of the clients were women and 78 were men and 2 were not reported. Most of the clients had been hospitalized sometime in their

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