Essay on Psychoanalytic, Jungian, and Individual Psychology Theories

994 Words Mar 31st, 2011 4 Pages
Psychoanalytic, Jungian, and Individual Psychology Theories
When the word classical is used, images of things developed long ago with their traditional styles and ideas come to mind. They are perceived today as outdated and not as effective. Classical models of psychotherapy although deemed outdated, still have relevance in today’s practice of understanding human behavior. Psychotherapy is a science and art that was established back in the 1800’s with its own style and ideas. Classical models of psychoanalytic theory include psychoanalytic theory, neoanalytic theory, and individual psychology. The psychoanalytic theory founded by Sigmund Freud is the study of human psychological functioning and behavior. The personality theory
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Psyche as a self-regulating system
2. The unconscious protects the ego from painful feelings and thoughts
3. Counseling relationships are vital to successful therapy
4. Personal growth occurs across the lifespan
As described by this theory, there are three dimensions of a person’s personality; introversion and extroversion; thinking and feeling; and sensation and intuition. According to Jung, everyone is a mixture of these functions however an individual’s personality is determined by the function that is predominant (Mayer, 2007). Adler believed that humans had an innate tendency to strive for perfection and was the motivator of behavior. He contended that an individual’s perceptions determined their views of reality rather than external influences. Unlike Freud, Adler viewed the personality as holistic and that the conscious and unconscious are not separate (Murdock, 2009). Adler's personality theories emphasized that sexual relationships and unconscious repression was the result of power and not an expression of infant sexuality. Adler's system emphasizes social relationships rather than biological instincts. The school of individual psychology made therapy a shorter process. Like Jungian therapy, it dispensed with many of the Freudian therapeutic practices (Mayer, 2007).
The classical models of psychotherapy still have relevance in today’s practice of

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