Psychoanalytic Criticism In The Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald

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Interactions within certain relationships can easily show what 's possible issues a person has. Whether that is friendships, family, romantic partners or acquaintances. With Psychoanalytic criticism, we can use defence mechanisms that characters have and figure out any anxieties through behaviour to testify trauma a character has gone through. This will be proven with evidence from the Critical Theory Today: a User-Friendly Guide: Second Edition by Louis Tyson as well as The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The relationships of Gatsby, Daisy, Tom and Jordan root problems are shown clearly in romantic interactions, proven through the use of defence mechanisms towards the people they care about. When it comes to Jay Gatsby, he creates this …show more content…
Then Gatsby freaks out when he has to be alone with Daisy, he runs out to talk to Nick; and he is not happy with his behaviour towards Daisy. “You’re acting like a little boy,” I broke out impatiently. “Not only that, but you’re rude. Daisy’s sitting in there all alone.”(Fitzgerald, 85) Since running away from your problems instead of dealing with them, that is childish and reverting to childish tactics. Avoidance is Gatsby 's way of not dealing with his past trauma with his upbringing, as well as lover Daisy whom he worked so hard for. “That was really, or at least legally, his name. He had changed it at the age of seventeen and at the specific moment that witnessed the beginning of his career”(Fitzgerald, 94) Gatsby also hides a great deal of shame from his poor life. This is proven through his name being changed from James Gatz to Jay Gatsby because it fits his lavished vision for his life as the quote above proves. When it comes to Nick, Gatsby always worries about what Nick thinks of him. Whether that be him asking what they think about him and something often said of him is “any time that suits you best” (Fitzgerald, 49) He acts like this so people won 't leave him, he wants to impress by throwing parties and decided he wants to have Nick as a …show more content…
When it comes to her child Pammy, who honestly is forgotten about in the book often. Daisy never looked after her child, instead, she has a caretaker looking after her. This could easily be seen as avoidance, but also possibly a reflection of Gatsby; but could Gatsby be a reflection of a past family member? She seems very materialistic and egotistical, love isn’t her real issue; it 's her image. She wants to be the golden girl, but being with a man like Gatsby, who can 't support her while he 's in the war, she needs a man who can make her feel like the golden girl. Tom “gave her a string of pearls valued at three hundred and fifty thousand dollars”(Fitzgerald, 67) and married this wealthy sportsman to keep her happy. Tom as a husband is truly awful, he cheats on his wife and he is abusive. Daisy rarely does things so there isn’t any trouble, AKA avoidance. When the phone rang at dinner time, she didn’t make a fuss she just let it be and didn’t say much about it. She also tells her cousin Nick about her experiance giving birth to her daughter which easily links to the reason why she ignores her unfaithful husband “And I hope she 'll be a fool– that 's the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool” (Fitzgerald, ) which very much shows in her personality. However being a fool is being ignorant, which knowing things that hurt make you want to avoid them. Judging by Daisy wanting to be a

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