Psychoanalytic Analysis : The Human Drives And Desire Play A Role Within Them

1580 Words Oct 10th, 2016 7 Pages
Psychoanalytic analysis is an approach to analyzing media artifacts in order to understand how the human drives for pleasure and desire play a role within them (Ott & Mack, 2014). The main premise of psychoanalysis is that people are behaving in a certain way due to the unconscious desires, needs and fears. One of the psychoanalytic elements important to the mass media communication is the male gaze theory. In this paper, I will explore how the male gaze is challenged and why are there contradictions in those alternatives that require more research.

Male gaze within the psychoanalytic analysis

Sigmund Freud was a psychoanalyst who most thoroughly developed the concept of the unconscious (Berger, 2013). According to Freud, all humans are born with instincts to satisfy their needs in a practical or in a way that brings them sexual pleasure. He referred to the sexual instinct as libido and divided it into oral, anal and phallic stages of development. The oral stage begins when the child is born and goes until the second year of its life (Felluga, 2011). At that age, the needs and desires are oriented toward the mouth through which the child receives food and milk. The child recognizes the mother’s breast as a first object of desire and therefore creates a sexual bond with the mother. As soon as the father consciously gets recognized by a child, the Oedipus complex is created. By that stage, a child is possessive of the mother and wants the father out of the picture since he…

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