Pros And Disadvantages Of Cloning

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Cloning is the process of creating a new organism that is genetically identical to a single common ancestor. Genetic information from a single parent organism is copied. Cloning is done by nuclear transfer, which is when the nucleus of an egg is removed and replaced with a nucleus from a donor cell. Energy is created in order to jumpstart the cells to start dividing. There are two types of cloning: Therapeutic cloning and Reproductive cloning. Therapeutic cloning is when the cloned cells are harvested shortly after dividing in order to grow new tissues for organ transplant and treat diseases like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. Reproductive cloning involves creating an identical organism through somatic cell nuclear transfer, and then destroying …show more content…
This nucleus contains the DNA needed to create a genetically identical daughter cell. One example of cloning is with Dolly the sheep, cloned by scientists in 1996. Dolly was made from a mammary gland cell that was implanted into an egg cell. A diverse amount of adult cells have now been successfully cloned to create animals like cows, mice, pigs, and goats. There are some challenges with reproductive cloning. Somatic nuclear transfer has a high rate of failure and does not often result in a viable clone. This can become very expensive to keep trying to clone new somatic cells. The other problem with reproductive cloning is that the animals cloned experience many health complications and have early deaths. Reproductive cloning has been and is continuing to be done and improved upon, however society is still skeptical about financial and ethical …show more content…
A quote from Cardinal Sean O’Malley was included, saying that human cloning is immoral because it “treats human beings as products, manufactured to order suit to other people’s wishes.” The article then goes on to talk about the benefits of therapeutic cloning when discussing the fact that they can be used for diseases. It ends with the drawbacks of Therapeutic cloning in that there may not be enough donor eggs. Both sides of the argument are successfully shown in this article and I do not believe the author showed any bias towards the topic he presented. This story is relevant to society as a whole because it shows how even though cloning can be beneficial to some, there are others who believe cloning is immoral and unnecessary. Articles like this can be read by anybody to inform them about topics on Biotechnology that are being experimented on. Researching and understanding the facts about cloning and both the benefits and challenges to it can help skeptics decide where they stand. Without the approval of enough people, further research is impossible. The need for money and donor cells are crucial for cloning and this controversy can hinder the process of being able to clone human beings. The article was clear and thorough enough for a nonscientist to get a general understanding of the topic and controversy; However, I did not get a full and complete understanding of how cloning is

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