Pros And Cons Of Urbanization

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The negligence from the government and the selfishness of the wealthy has led the impoverished inhabitants to live in some of the cruelest environments. Slums happen to be settled in areas of the city that no one wants to occupy as it is beneath their standards. Slums are known to be overcrowded, inhospitable patches of terrain that are the most susceptible to fires, mudslides, and harm from earthquakes. The slum communities do not have adequate access to water, proper sewage disposal, maternal care, or even education. The conditions are so terrifying that slum dwellers do not even have a proper toilet to utilize. The type of toilet one uses has been widely acknowledged as a mean to measure poverty. Let alone the fact that these residents do …show more content…
While urbanization has led to the creation of slums such as Dharavi, the desperate need of remodeling these areas will allow for plenty of jobs for the members of the shantytowns and the lower middle class of India as construction workers. Not only are infrastructure jobs created, but also several famous NGO’s such as SNEHA or Smile Foundation find a reason to exist. In simple words, Public Heath occupations are being fed by being allowed to study up-stream approaches as to why such problems exist. If there were not enough hurdles, there wouldn’t be as many jobs. The more jobs there are the less people will be in poverty and therefore less inequality. Also, poverty tourism is currently a booming business worldwide and Dharavi is one of the top areas that people are eager to see. “The phenomenon slum tourism responds to the increasing quest for real and authentic experiences by marketing their tours as reality tours—and thereby establishing themselves in the market of tourist attractions” (Meschkank 4). With the presence of Dharavi in an urbanized city like Mumbai, not only will numerous individuals make great money off of the poor but also the poor will be further exposed to the rest of the world - an open invitation for receiving more aid and international assistance to reduce poverty and inequality. Other blessings of urbanization that help the poor are the fact that while the poor in countries like India do not receive all the benefits of living in a developed area, they still have access to more resources than they would have in a rural area. There are more water taps, toilets, access to education, and proper housing in cities than elsewhere which in turn reduces poorness and inequality in the long

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