Reintegrative Shaming Research Paper

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1) Fines, fees and forfeiture are the different mode of punishment for criminal and civil offences under criminal law. Fines are a type of financial punishment for mostly civil offenses. Fees are a typical source of funds used for rehabilitation purposes that include treatment costs and for covering administrative expenses. Forfeiture is the action taken by the government by seizing the property of offenders. These offenders have earlier owned their property through illegal means. The situations vary for each concept. There are two types of fines. They are small fines and large fines. Small fines are imposed in situations where there are minor offenses like traffic violation or delay in bill payments. Large fines are imposed for major offenses …show more content…
However, these offenders get the opportunity to return to the community through follow up efforts and become respectable citizens. In comparison to reintegrative shaming, stigmatization leads offenders to a next level of incarceration. Here the magnitude of crimes remains almost unchanged thus the offenders show no remorse. Reintegrative shaming opens up an opportunity for offenders to regroup following the punishment. In contrast, stigmatization forces offenders without getting an opportunity to regroup and re-unite into the community. Reintegrative shaming provides a chance for offenders to reconsider their future way of life by understanding the sufferings of victims thus leading to restorative justice. Meanwhile, stigmatization shows the path towards endless offenses where the offenders at no time care for victims as the size of offenses that involves them make it further difficult. The benefit of reintegrative shaming is that the offenders have a change of mind after the punishment. There isn’t much benefit through stigmatization as it never gives an opportunity to change but sometimes continue to ridicule the mindset of offenders further. The drawback in reintegrative shaming is minimal as the punishment process gives minor stress to the offenders. However this process helps them to regroup after follow up efforts. Meanwhile there is a major drawback in stigmatization. Due to stigmatization, …show more content…
The rationale behind a restitution order is to make sure that victims get compensation directly from the offenders for the financial losses. The victims face these losses through physical and psychological offenses by the offenders. The concept of restitution best fit into restorative justice as the primary goal is to repair the damages caused to victims through their offenses. The program involves monetary compensation as well as a path towards rehabilitation that helps the offenders to change themselves in their future course of life. If there is a major problem associated with restitution, it is the legal process involved into it. The right to impose restitution lies within the hands of the presiding judge. This is due to the fact that any other restitution orders can be possible only through a contract enforced by the civil court. In general, the costs involved in restitution cases are less and therefore, involving civil courts in such cases would be expensive. Hence, the idea of bringing in parole boards is vital. However, there are no standard legal rules, which give them the right to order restitution. In short, the legal issues surrounding restitution sometimes show negative impacts in achieving the goal of restorative justice (Johnhoward.ab.ca,

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